|Development||Add-on development||Add-on structure|
This page summarizes the add-ons system introduced in the Dharma release (v10) of XBMC. This system allows third-party developed enhancements to Kodi to be distributed to Kodi users directly from inside the Kodi interface.
The add-ons system is based on the plugin library c-pluff.
Each add-on is kept in its own folder, and is described via an XML file named
addon.xml. In addition, some other files can also come with the add-on, such as
fanart.jpg. These are all optional, though we encourage you to at least have
icon.png. All of these reside in the "root" of the folder that contains the add-on. Additional data may be contained within a
resources/ subfolder, such as language translations and descriptions of settings.
When installed, the whole add-on folder will be placed inside
2 Directory Name
Your directory name should follow this convention:
Each name part is case sensitive and must be in lower case. The dot character separates each name part; you can use further dots to separate things in your plugin name if you wish. Alternatively, you may use a hyphen (-). No other non-alphanumeric characters should be used.
addon-type is one of the following:
|Add-on Type||Description||Media Type Required?|
||A repository definition file that allows users to add new repositories to the Kodi addon manager.||No|
||A plugin script or module that adds to the functionality of Kodi. Plugins appear under the relevant media section of the main home menu.||Yes|
||A runnable program file that will appear in the Program section of the main home menu.||Yes|
||An Kodi skin definition and its supporting script files.||No|
||An addon that will provide additional files (language files, images, uisounds).||No|
The following table describes the available
media-types for the available add-on types. Your add-on may provide more than one
you wish, whereby it will appear in more than one section. In most cases, however, a single media type will suffice, and it may be preferable to have multiple add-ons each providing a single media type rather than one add-on that tries to do it all.
|Add-on Type||Media Type||Description|
||A music add-on that will appear in the Music main menu.|
||A video add-on that will appear in the Video main menu.|
||A picture add-on that will appear in the Pictures main menu.|
||A program add-on that will appear in the Add-ons main menu.|
||A weather add-on that will appear in the Weather main menu. You can omit the Add-on Type in the directory name and addon-id|
||A script plugin that will not appear under a category or within the Add-ons manager, but provides support for other add-ons.|
||A script that will be run at either login or startup|
The add-on name is up to you, but be sure that it isn't already in use by another add-on. For instance, if you are creating an add-on that integrates the Gpodder software with Kodi for audio podcasts you might name your directory
plugin.audio.gpodder-xbmc3. If you are creating a screen scraper to present TV shows from MyGreatTv.com. It might be
plugin.video.my-great-tv-com. A script to ping all your friends on twitter to tell them you are home might be called
3 Directory structure
Your directory contains all the resources needed to operate your add-on. The directory must be considered read-only and should not be used for storing transient or inter-session data. Other mechanisms are available to do that (more later). The directory should be structured as follows:
3.1 Kodi v18 Leia and up
addon.py addon.xml LICENSE.txt resources/ settings.xml language/ lib/ data/ media/ fanart.jpg (can be placed anywhere in the addon directory) icon.png (can be placed anywhere in the addon directory) banner.jpg (optional - can be placed anywhere in the addon directory) clearlogo.png (optional - can be placed anywhere in the addon directory) screenshot-1.jpg (optional - can be placed anywhere in the addon directory) screenshot-2.jpg (optional - can be placed anywhere in the addon directory) screenshot-3.jpg (optional - can be placed anywhere in the addon directory) screenshot-4.jpg (optional - can be placed anywhere in the addon directory)
3.2 Kodi v17 Krypton and up
addon.py addon.xml LICENSE.txt resources/ settings.xml language/ lib/ data/ media/ fanart.jpg (can be placed anywhere in the addon directory) icon.png (can be placed anywhere in the addon directory) screenshot-1.jpg (optional - can be placed anywhere in the addon directory) screenshot-2.jpg (optional - can be placed anywhere in the addon directory) screenshot-3.jpg (optional - can be placed anywhere in the addon directory) screenshot-4.jpg (optional - can be placed anywhere in the addon directory)
3.3 Kodi v16 Jarvis and earlier
addon.py addon.xml fanart.jpg icon.png LICENSE.txt changelog.txt resources/ settings.xml language/ lib/ data/ media/
Other files may be required to run your add-on, if your add-on becomes more complex. It is considered good practice to place various add-on resources and support code modules in the
lib/ folder. If those libs are commonly used by multiple add-ons, consider adding them as a separate add-on, e.g.
The most important thing to remember from this is that everything that doesn't need to be in the root of your directory is considered a resource and should be placed inside
resources/ or one of its subdirectories. Also remember, all the above is a recommended outline for your add-on; if you need fewer or more
directories to organise your work, just change it. For instance, skins are add-ons that will require more directories than this.
This will contain the main Python code for your add-on. You can name it whatever you want, since you'll define this Python file in
addon.xml as your main script file.
addon.xml gives Kodi important metadata about your add-on, such as:
- what the add-on provides
- what the add-on relies on to work
- what script to run when it is fired up (if it is meant to be started)
A text file that contains a description of the changes you make to the add-on for each release. This is displayed in the Kodi addon installation/update system. The recommended format is to have it sorted by version in descending order, with a simple description as to the major changes (new functionality, big fixes, etc) in each version. (In the author's opinion, too many add-ons skip this piece of information, making it difficult for users to determine whether a particular problem that they may have been having has been fixed or not.)
Here is a sample
v0.1.3 (2015-12-25) - Update with 15.0 Isengard v0.1.2 (2014-1-15) - Add notification for Ubuntu users checking through apt command v0.1.1 (2014-1-1) - Initial version
It is recommend to add a date so users know when last update was done. Best is to use YYYY-MM-DD as this is the least confusing way of dat notation.
|Only addons for versions of Kodi below v17 Krypton must contain the icon.png file in the root of the addon directory. Kodi 17 Krypton and above is able to use any other directory in the addon structure (preference for resources/icon.png) and be listed in addon.xml assets|
This is an icon used to represent your add-on in various parts of Kodi. See the icon.png specifications.
|Only addons for versions of Kodi below v17 Krypton must contain the fanart.jpg file in the root of the addon directory. Kodi 17 Krypton and above is able to use any other directory in the addon structure (preference for resources/fanart.jpg) and be listed in addon.xml assets|
This helps to keep Kodi graphically rich when browsing and using add-ons. See the fanart.jpg specifications.
This file should contain the text of whatever software license you've chosen to release your add-on under (e.g. GPLv2).
resources/ subdirectory is the preferred place to put any files that the add-on uses that don't need to be stored in the root directory. For instance, translations, software libraries, and image resources would go in
resources/ or one of its subdirectories.
If you are having errors running the application (e.g. kodi.log shows addon.py isn't found) then a possible cause may be the __init__.pyo file are missing from this folder. Try copying it from another addon.
This is an XML file that defines the user-configurable settings used by the add-on. The file defines the names and types of the settings, and how they should appear in the settings dialog for the add-on.
This is an icon used to represent your add-on in various parts of Kodi. Icon is a mandatory art type; "icon" must be listed in addon.xml assets. It can be placed anywhere in the addon directory structure (and named anything rather than icon.png) as long as the
<icon> addon.xml asset points to the right file (resources/icon.png is just a recommendation/example).
- The icon size must be 256x256 pixels or 512x512 pixels.
- File format is PNG.
- Background must be 100% solid. That doesn't mean one color, it also can be a gradient or a low contrast texture. Just make sure there is no transparency.
- Keep the logo as simple a possible, no exaggerated 3D effects or high contrast textures.
- Use a padding of at least 25px for your logo (not the background!). Excepted are large text logos (see icon for themoviedb.org).
- Keep text to a minimum. However, a text logo along with the graphical logo is recommended in order to easily recognize the addon.
- Don't mix logos with Kodi's logo; it's obvious that we're talking about Kodi here.
- Don't add borders or any overlays, that's the skinner's job. However, if borders are an element of your logo, make sure there is enough padding.
- It is suggested that a logo on a plain background (non-transparent) is best in many situations (e.g. for addons that retrieve media from an online service, use that service's logo as long as you are free to do so).
This helps to keep Kodi graphically rich when browsing and using add-ons. if this file exists, "fanart" must be listed in addon.xml assets. Fanart is almost all the time mandatory for plugins and scripts (exception for addons such as
script.module). It can be placed anywhere in the addon directory structure (and named anything rather than fanart.jpg) as long as the
<fanart> element in addon.xml asset points to the right file (resources/fanart.jpg is just a recommendation/example).
- It should be 16:9 aspect ratio
- It is intended for the background, so should be simple and without text where reasonable.
- We recommend a 1280x720 JPEG image. It should certainly be no larger than 1920x1080.
- We recommend keeping it as small as is reasonable with respect to file-size. Remember that hundreds of thousands of users are going to be downloading this.
3.10.4 resources/screenshot-x.png (optional)
This optional art type helps to keep Kodi graphically rich when using the addon browser or the addon website. Addons can define up to 10 screenshots (4 is advised). This is accomplished through the repetition of the
<screenshot> element of addon.xml assets each pointing to a different image. Screenshot images can be placed anywhere in the addon directory (and have any arbitrary name) as long as they point to an existing file in addon.xml assets. screenshot-x.png is just an example naming convention.
- Image must be in the jpeg format sized 1280x720 or 1920x1080
- Image must have no transparency
- Addons can include a maximum of 10 screenshots
- If the addon includes screenshots, 4 is the recommended number of images to provide,
- Images must be in jpeg image format sized 1000x185 pixels, no exceptions
3.10.6 resources/clearlogo.png (optional)
- Image must be png format sized 400 x 155px (non-HD version) or 800 x 310px (HD version)
- Image must have transparency
- Language support
- Translation System
- Convert .xml to .po: xbmc-xml2po
- Check for .po files: xbmc-checkpo
- Utility for keeping Kodi upstream language files and the language files hosted on transifex.com in sync: xbmc-txupdate
String ID range:
- strings 31000 thru 31999 reserved for skins
Put any module definitions or third party software libraries into this directory.
If you are having errors running the application (e.g. kodi.log shows addon.py isn't found) then a possible cause may be the __init__.pyo & __init__.py files are missing in this folder. Try copying it from another addon.
Store any other static data structures your application requires here. Examples might be XLT/XSD files or static XML files that contain lookup tables etc.
Store any static media (picture, audio, video etc.) files in this directory.
4 Getting started
Following pages will explain in more depth to get started. Providing examples, background information and useful links.
5 See also